Threats for Mangrove Ecosystem


In East Kalimantan major threats for mangrove ecosystem mostly from aquaculture such as shrimp or fish pond. In general the primary threats to all mangrove species are habitat destruction and removal of mangrove areas for conversion to aquaculture, agriculture, urban and coastal development, and overexploitation.

Delta mahakam

Land cover in Mahakam river Delta, 70% of areas converted into pond

Same land conversion happened in Berau, some of areas converted into pond. Numbers of shrimp ponds increased by years.

Hulu Sungai Berau

Land cover in Berau river Delta 

About Musnanda

GIS Specialist, Regional Planner and Knowledge Manager
This entry was posted in Forestry, Geography, GIS and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

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