Threats for Mangrove Ecosystem


In East Kalimantan major threats for mangrove ecosystem mostly from aquaculture such as shrimp or fish pond. In general the primary threats to all mangrove species are habitat destruction and removal of mangrove areas for conversion to aquaculture, agriculture, urban and coastal development, and overexploitation. Same land conversion happened in Berau, some of areas convertedContinue reading “Threats for Mangrove Ecosystem”